Protect you skin from summer sun

Edith Lovett

Pulaski County Extension Agent for Family and Consumer Sciences

Many of you will be working in your yard, your garden, enjoying the outside sunshine, attending sports events, and often forget that you need to protect your skin from the sun, the wind and water. Before you do any outside activities this summer, remember to use some type of sunscreen protection. Use sunscreen on those children as their skin is so easily burned, and they may forget they need to use sunscreen protection.

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells, which most often develops after the skin has been exposed to the sun. Skin cancer can develop on areas like your scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, hands, and legs. Sometimes skin cancer forms on other places that rarely see the sun, such as the palms of your hands or soles of your feet. Skin cancer affects all people, no matter what skin tone you may have.

The main types of skin cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma. Melanoma is much less common than the other types but more likely to invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. Most deaths from skin cancer are caused by melanoma.

The most common sign of skin cancer we see is a change in your skin. As soon as you notice a change in your skin, such as a new growth, a sore that does not heal, or a change in an old growth, talk to your doctor. Different types of skin cancers look different, but a good way to remember and test the signs of skin cancer is as simple as the A-B-C-D-Es. A - Asymmetrical. Do you have a mole or a spot that has an irregular shape or is lopsided? B - Border. Do you have a mole or a spot with an uneven border? C - Color. Do you have a mole or spot with irregular coloring? D - Diameter. Do you have a mole or spot that is larger than the size of a pea? E - Evolving. Do you have a mole or spot that has changed over the past weeks or months?

If you answer yes to any of these questions, you need to talk to your doctor. Not all skin changes are caused by skin cancer, but it is best to let your doctor investigate to determine the cause. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, anyone can get skin cancer, but you are at a higher risk if you have one or more of these characteristics: • A lighter skin color. • Skin that burns, freckles, reddens easily, or becomes painful in the sun. • Blue or green eyes. • Blond or red hair. • Certain types and a large number of moles. • A family history of skin cancer. • A personal history of skin cancer.

It is important for everyone to protect yourself from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation year-round. The UV rays can reach your skin on a cloudy day just as much as they do on sunny days. The CDC recommends protecting yourself from UV rays year-round by avoiding indoor tanning beds, using sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher the year-round. When shopping for sunscreen look for protection of both UVA and UVB. When outside, stay in the shade when possible. Wearing clothing that covers your arms and legs. Wearing a hat with a wide brim to shade your face, head, ears, and neck will help protect these areas. Wearing sunglasses that wrap around and block both UVA and UVB rays is helpful. If you are on medication, be aware of sun-sensitizing medications. Daily you should check your skin and

report any changes to your doctor.

Also remember the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays can reach your skin on a cloudy day just as much as they do on sunny days. Exposure to UV rays from the sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds causes damage that can lead to skin cancer. The skin is the body's largest organ. Skin cancer can occur anywhere on the body but it is most common in areas exposed to sunlight, such as the face, neck, hands and arms. Remember this summer to protect your skin from heat, sunlight, injury and infection.

Educational programs of the Cooperative Extension Service serve all people regardless of economic or social status and will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ethnic origin, national origin, creed, religion, political belief, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expressions, pregnancy, marital status, genetic information, age, veteran status, or physical or mental disability.

Fresh greens are always low in calories, rich in vitamins, and you need to eat them because they are good for you. Always try to fill one half of your plate with vegetables and fruits. For all your picnics, family gatherings, try this easy "slaw" recipe. Remember the 2 hour rule of not leaving food items out of the refrigerator more than 2 hours.

Spinach Slaw

2 cups chopped lettuce

4 cups chopped red/green cabbage

2 cups fresh spinach

½ cup mayonnaise

½ teaspoon garlic powder

1 tablespoon sugar

½ teaspoon salt

½ teaspoon pepper

Wash, quarter and core lettuce and cabbage. Thinly slice and chop the lettuce and cabbage into small pieces. Wash and tear the spinach leaves into small pieces. Add the garlic powder, sugar, salt and pepper to the mayonnaise. (You may want to use less or more mayonnaise depending on how thick or thin you like your slaw) Toss dressing with vegetables until coated, Refrigerate for 30 minutes before serving. Will yield 8-1 cup servings with 70 calories.

Events at the Extension Office

Bessie Bain will be teaching a beautiful Christmas painting at the Extension Office on Wednesday, June 12 starting at 10:00 o'clock. There is a $20 fee to paint this beautiful picture

Be sure to check with the Extension Office for all the children's activities planned for this summer. (679-6361). In addition to 4-H Camp, there will be a Clover Bud Camp at the Extension Office, 2-Days of 4-H Activities at the Extension Office, and 3 days of Cooking with the Chef Camp.

The Extension Office will be closed Monday, May 27, in observance of Memorial Day. We will be opened on Tuesday morning at 8:00.

Congratulations to Mary McAdoo, Barbara Moore, and Janice Hatfield who won blue ribbons at the KEHA State Cultural Arts Competition in Louisville.

Our Calendar Food Class will be held on Tuesday, June 18, starting at 11:30. We will be making Chicken and Ranch Mushrooms. Please call the office to register.

We will be having Food Processing Classes at the Extension Office June 20 and June 21, starting at 10:00 o'clock. Call the office to register for these free classes.